A short step back in coffee history due to its complexity: Arabica is one of the four types of coffee, with only Arabica and Robusta being of economic importance. From the ancient plant Arabica, two varieties developed through different cultivation: Typica and Bourbon. Typica plants produce around 20 - 30% less yield than bourbon plants.
Typica was discovered in Ethiopia, the country where coffee was born, and later spread to other growing areas around the equator. The coffee was exported to Europe through colonies of the Dutch.
The plant has thin, copper-colored leaves and produces elongated, oval beans. Adult coffee trees can reach a height of up to 4.5 meters and are therefore larger than most other coffee varieties. Another exciting piece of information about recognizing Typica plants: While the side branches of the Bourbon plant have a 60 ° angle, those of the Typica plant tend to grow horizontally.
The taste profile of Typica is very complex and convinces with sweet berry flavors and a fruity acidity. However, since the variety is very low-yielding, it is only grown in a few areas.