Excelso is a classification used for Colombian coffee that refers to the size and quality of the beans. It is a step below the larger Supremo beans and is characterized by a milder and more acidic texture. Excelso generally refers to Arabica beans grown primarily in Colombia.
To be considered Excelso coffee, the beans must pass through certain sieves. They must be able to pass through the size 20, 19 and 18 sieves, while they must remain in the size 17 sieve. Colombian coffee, including Excelso, is grown mainly in the Coffee Triangle region, which includes Risaralda, Quindio and Caldas. The country's nutrient-rich volcanic soils provide optimal conditions for coffee cultivation, especially in the renowned Medellín region.
Excelso coffee offers a nuanced flavor profile, often with a slightly nutty or sweet note and a full-bodied taste. It is known for its smoothness and balance, making it extremely pleasant to enjoy. For optimal results, Excelso beans are often used in the preparation of filter coffee to bring out the delicate aromas and flavors to their best advantage.