Geisha coffees are the kings of specialty coffees and have become increasingly well-known and popular in recent years. This is mainly due to the rarity of the variety, the exceptional flavor profile as well as a very high quality.
The Geisha variety originated in Ethiopia and came from there to Central America. In Costa Rica and Panama, they were actually only cultivated because there was a severe fungal infestation in the coffee plantations in these growing areas and the farmers were losing a lot. It turned out that the Geisha varieties were resistant to this disease.
Francisico Seracín Sr - also known as Don Pachi or 'Godfather of Geisha' - brought the first geisha seeds to Panama some 30 years ago. Since then, he has done incredible pioneering work. This is especially due to the fact that there was increased political instability in the country and access to international purchase markets was difficult. This made the spread of geisha coffee almost impossible. In addition, difficult growing conditions and low crop yields made life difficult for Don Pachi. It was only thanks to his passion that he managed to make Geisha coffee known on the international market.
The variety then achieved real fame in 2004 in Panama at Hacienda La Esmeralda, a farm in Boquete. After the farm's owners noticed special characteristics of certain coffee plants during a cupping, they decided to enter it in the "Taste of Panama" coffee competition. Not only did they take first place, but they also achieved record-breaking prices at auctions. This was one of many prizes in a row. Although the coffee actually originated in the town of "Gesha" in western Ethiopia, it is closely associated with Panama because of this competition.
The Geisha variety is very low yielding, but has an incredibly spirited cup profile. Special characteristics are the floral and sweet notes of rose water, orange blossom, jasmine and apricot accompanied by a pleasant lemony acidity.