The Coffee Belt
Because the coffee plant, especially the Arabica species, is very demanding, it grows only in areas around the equator. This region is also called the coffee belt and extends from 23rd latitude north to 25th latitude south. The tropical to subtropical climate prevailing there is ideal for this sensitive plant, which prefers it shaded and protected from the wind. The average temperature for ideal growth of the Arabica plant is 18° to 26° Celsius and the coffee cherries thrive best at an altitude of between 800 - 2200 meters. Coffee that grows from about 1000 meters above sea level is called highland coffee.